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How to start taking pictures?

Photography is a complex art form, but with the right gear and some basic knowledge of how to use it, you can take stunning photos with very little effort. In this tutorial, we’ll explain everything from setting up your camera to choosing the right settings for different types of shots.


Once you have a solid grasp of the basics, you can start to play around with composition. Here are a few tips for creating eye-catching photographs:

  • Use the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds is a basic principle in photography that states that if your picture has nine equal parts (three rows and three columns), then it’s best to place your subject at one of those intersections. This helps keep your photograph from being too centered or symmetrical, which can make it feel unbalanced and boring.

  • Lead lines are another way to draw attention toward an object in the photo by using other elements as visual cues—such as natural ones like branches or manmade ones like roads—to lead viewers’ eyes toward what you want them to see first (and most).

  • There are also some rules when it comes to odd numbers versus evens: If there are two objects pictured together, try making one larger than the other; if there’s a group shot with three people included, try having them standing on opposite sides of each other so that they’re not directly side-by-side; if there’s six items involved rather than five (or four), include something extra like flowers or fruit on top so that they’ll look balanced out against everything else around them without having too many things cluttering up both sides at once!


Light is the most important element of photography. It is what makes everything you see in your picture visible. The light that hits your subject and bounces back to your camera’s sensor can come from natural sources like sunlight, or artificial ones such as flashlights, tungsten bulbs and LED lights.

Natural light is considered the best source for photography because it doesn’t have any color temperature or other technical problems associated with artificial light sources. However, if you’re shooting indoors at night then you will have to use artificial lighting because there won’t be much sun available to provide illumination through windows or skylights (if there are any).


Aperture is the size of the opening in your lens. It’s measured in f-stops (a term you can read more about here), which are described as an increment of 1/3 stop between each number on the scale. The larger the f-number, the smaller the aperture:

  • 1 – 2.8 = wider opening and brighter image

  • 2 – 4 = wider opening and darker image

  • 3 – 5 = narrower opening and brighter image

  • 4 – 6 = narrower opening and darker image

Shutter speed

Shutter speed is the amount of time that your camera’s shutter remains open so the sensor can record light. It’s measured in seconds, and it affects how much light gets recorded by your sensor. The longer your shutter stays open, the more light will get in—and vice versa.

The reason we’re focusing on how shutter speed can affect exposure is because if you don’t have anything to measure exposure against when learning photography, then there’s no way for us to explain why certain settings work better than others!

So here goes: Shutter speeds are categorized into four groups: 1/8000 second (slower), 1/4000 second (medium), 1/2000 second (faster), and 1/1000 second (even faster). We recommend using a faster shutter speed when shooting moving subjects because freezing motion requires capturing an image while overcoming any movement between frames of an animation sequence.


The ISO is the sensitivity of your camera’s sensor to light. The higher the ISO, the more sensitive it is and the less light you need. Conversely, the lower the ISO, the less sensitive it is and more light you’ll need.

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